Byte
1. A sequence of adjacent binary digits operated upon as a unit and usually shorter than a word. [ISA-RP55.1-1975 (R1983)]

2. Generally accepted as an eight-bit segment of a computer word.

3. Eight contiguous bits starting on an addressable byte boundary.
Bits are numbered from the right, 0 through 7, with 0 being the low-order bit.
When interpreted arithmetically, a byte is a two’s complement integer with significance increasing from bits 0 through 6. Bit 7 is the sign bit. The value of the signed integer is in the range of – 128 to 127 decimal.
When interpreted as an unsigned integer, the significance increases from bits 0 through 7, and the value of the unsigned integer is in the range 0 to 255 decimal.
A byte can be used to store one ASCII character.

4. A collection of eight bits that is capable of representing an alphanumeric or special character.

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